About Slovenia

Quick and easy access to information in English about Slovenia is available at the portal www.slovenija.si 

 

 

 

Slovenia in Brief

Map of Slovenia

The Republic of Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet the Pannonian plains and the mysterious karst. To the north is Austria, to the east Hungary , to the south Croatia, and to the west Italy.Two million people live here on just over twenty thousand square kilometers.

 

Slovenia became an independent state in 1991. It has since established an international position and reputation as a democratic, stable and successful Central European country. Today it is an important international player – a place where statesmen would meet, a member of international organisations, and a country enjoying friendly ties with other countries around the world.

Slovenia became a member of the EU on May 1, 2004.



Republic of Slovenia

State / Democratic parliamentary republic since 25 June 1991

Member of the European Union since 1 May 2004

Capital / Ljubljana, 272.220 inhabitants (2011)

National flag / Horizontal stripes in white, blue and red with Slovenian coat of arms on its left upper side

Coat of arms / Three six-pointed yellow stars are symbols of the Counts of Celje with Triglav as a symbol of Slovenehood and underlying two wavy lines symbolizing Slovenian rivers and the sea

Anthem / The seventh stanza of Zdravljica, a poem by France Prešeren, set to music by Stanko Premrl

State holidays / June 25 - Statehood Day, December 26 - Independence and Unity Day

Official Language / Slovenian, in some nationally mixed border areas also Italian and Hungarian

Currency / EUR 1= 100 cents

Phone dial code / +386



Geography

Size / 20,273 km²

Length of borders / 1,370 km: with Austria 318 km, with Italy 280 km, with Hungary 102 km, with Croatia 670 km

Length of coastline / 46.6 km

Neighbouring states / Austria, Italy, Hungary. Croatia

Largest towns / Ljubljana, Maribor, Kranj,  Celje

Highest mountain / Triglav 2,864 m

Longest river / Sava 221 km

Landscape / The territory of Slovenia is geographically divided into four basic types of  landscape - Alpine in the north, Mediterranean in the south-west, Dinaric in the south and Pannonian in the east.

Climate / There are three different types of climate in Slovenia: continental in the central part, Alpine in the north-west and sub-Mediterranean along the coast and its hinterland.


Population

Inhabitants / 2.054.741 (1 October 2011)

Population density / 101.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (1 July 2011)

Nationalities (2002 census): Slovenian 83%; Italian 0,1%; Hungarian 0,3%; Croat 1,8%; Serbian 2,0%; Muslim (including Bosniacs) 1,6%; others 2,2%; unknown: 8,9%

Births / On average 1,57 children per woman (2010); 1,51 children per woman (2011)

Life expectancy / 78.30 for men and 82.65 for women (2010)

Urbanization / Approximately one third of the population live in towns with more than 10,000 inhabitants, the rest live in nearly six thousand smaller towns and villages.

Religions / According to the 2002 census the most of  population (58 %) are Catholics. Together there are 43 religious communities registered in Slovenia. Among the oldest is the Evangelical Church, most widely spread in the northeastern part of Slovenia.


Political system

Legislation / Under the Constitution, Slovenia is a democratic republic and a social state governed by law. The state’s authority is based on the principle of the separation of  egislative, executive and judicial powers, with a parliamentary system of government. The highest legislative authority is the National Assembly (90 deputies), which has the right to enact laws. Elections to the National Assembly are held every four years.

Suffrage / According to the Constitution, the right to vote is universal and equal. Every citizen who has attained the age of eighteen years has the right to vote and stand for office.

President / Borut Pahor since 2012

Prime Minister / Alenka Bratušek (PS) since 20 March 2013

Parties represented in the National Assembly, elected on 4 December 2011 / Positive Slovenia, Slovenian Democratic Party, Social Democrats, Gregor Virant's Citizens' List,  Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners, Slovenian People's Party, New Slovenia and one representative each of the Hungarian and the Italian national communities.



Economy

Macroeconomic indices for Slovenia 2011

 

- Real GDP growth (real growth rate in %) -0.2

- GDP per capita in EUR 17.361

- Rate of unemployment by ILO in % 8.2

- Inflation (annual average) 1.8