Political System

The Constitution
The National Assembly
  • The Republic of Slovenia is a parliamentary representative democratic republic since 25 June 1991
  • The present Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia was adopted on 23 December 1991, following the results of the plebiscite on the sovereignty and independence of Slovenia on 23 December 1990, when Slovenes overwhelmingly voted for independence.
  • Slovenia became an EU member on 1 May 2004
  • Slovenia adopted the euro on 1 January 2007


Head of state


The President of the Republic (elected for a maximum of two, five-year terms by direct elections)

The current President is Borut Pahor (elected in December 2012)

Legislative authority


The National Assembly (90 deputies).

The President of the National Assembly is Milan Brglez. 


Political Parties represented in the National Assembly, elected on 13 July 2014:

Party of Modern Centre (SMC), Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), Democtratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS), Social Democrats (SD), United Left (ZL), New Slovenia - Christian Democtrats (NSi), Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB) and one representative each of the Hungarian and Italian national communities. 



The National Council performs an advisory role. Members are elected for a five-year term (40 members).

The President of the National Council is Mitja Bervar.

Executive authority


The Government consists of the Prime Minister and other Ministers. The government and the ministers are independent within the framework of their jurisdiction, and responsible to the National Assembly.


The government is headed by Prime Minister Miro Cerar.


The current government coalition consists of the Party of Modern Centre (SMC), Democtratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS) and Social Democrats (SD).



Judicial power in Slovenia is implemented by courts with general responsibilities and specialised courts which deal with matters relating to specific legal areas.


State Prosecutor

There are 11 regional public prosecution offices, 4 higher public prosecution offices and the Office of the State Prosecutor General of the Republic of Slovenia.


Ombudsman for Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

The first Slovenian Ombudsman was elected in September 1994. The Ombudsman reports to the National Assembly on his work.


Constitutional Court

The Constitutional Court decides on the conformity of laws with the Constitution. The Constitutional Court is composed of nine judges - legal experts. They are elected for a term of nine years.



Capital: Ljubljana (272.220 (2011))

Other major cities: Maribor, Celje, Kranj, Velenje, Ptuj, Koper, Novo Mesto, Jesenice, Trbovlje, Nova Gorica, Murska Sobota



212 (11 of them have urban municipality status: Celje, Koper, Kranj, Ljubljana, Maribor, Murska Sobota, Nova Gorica, Novo Mesto, Ptuj, Slovenj Gradec, Velenje)