Political System

The Constitution
The National Assembly
  • The Republic of Slovenia is a parliamentary representative democratic republic since 25 June 1991
  • The present Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia was adopted on 23 December 1991, following the results of the plebiscite on the sovereignty and independence of Slovenia on 23 December 1990, when Slovenes overwhelmingly voted for independence.
  • Slovenia became an EU member on 1 May 2004
  • Slovenia adopted the euro on 1 January 2007

 


Head of state

 

The President of the Republic (elected for a maximum of two, five-year terms by direct elections)

The current President is Borut Pahor (elected in December 2012)



Legislative authority

 

The National Assembly (90 deputies).

 

Political parties represented in Parliament (National Assembly), elections of 4 December 2011:

 

           Positive Slovenia - 28

           Slovenian Democratic Party – 26

           Social Democrats – 10

           Gregor Virant's Citizens' List – 8

           Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners – 6

           Slovenian People's Party  – 6

           New Slovenia – 4 

           Representatives each of the Hungarian and Italian national communities – 2

 

April 2012:

 

           Positive Slovenia - 28

           Slovenian Democratic Party – 26

           Social Democrats – 10

           Gregor Virant's Citizens' List – 7

           Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners – 5

           Slovenian People's Party  – 6

           New Slovenia – 4 

           Representatives each of the Hungarian and Italian national communities – 2

            independent - 2

 

 

The President of the National Assembly is Janko Veber. 

 

 

 

The National Council performs an advisory role. Members are elected for a five-year term (40 members).

The President of the National Council is Mitja Bervar.




Executive authority

 

The Government consists of the Prime Minister and other Ministers. The government and the ministers are independent within the framework of their jurisdiction, and responsible to the National Assembly.

 

The government is headed by Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek.

 

The current government coalition consists of the Positive Slovenia, Social Democrats, Citizens' List and Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners.

 
 
 
 

Judiciary

Judicial power in Slovenia is implemented by courts with general responsibilities and specialised courts which deal with matters relating to specific legal areas.

 
 
State Prosecutor

There are 11 regional public prosecution offices, 4 higher public prosecution offices and the Office of the State Prosecutor General of the Republic of Slovenia.

 
 
Ombudsman for Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

The first Slovenian Ombudsman was elected in September 1994. The Ombudsman reports to the National Assembly on his work.  

 
 
Constitutional Court

The Constitutional Court decides on the conformity of laws with the Constitution. The Constitutional Court is composed of nine judges - legal experts. They are elected for a term of nine years.

 
 
Capital

Capital: Ljubljana (272.220 (2011))

Other major cities: Maribor, Celje, Kranj, Velenje, Ptuj, Koper, Novo Mesto, Jesenice, Trbovlje, Nova Gorica, Murska Sobota  

 
 
Municipalities

210 (11 of them have urban municipality status: Celje, Koper, Kranj, Ljubljana, Maribor, Murska Sobota, Nova Gorica, Novo Mesto, Ptuj, Slovenj Gradec, Velenje)