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Slovenia has a population of 2 million, of which 83.1% (2002 census) are Slovenes. In Slovenia there are also two national minority communities of Italians and Hungarians. They are considered indigenous minorities, and their rights are protected under the Constitution.


Other ethnic groups include Croats, Serbs, Bosnians (Muslims), Yugoslavs, Macedonians, Montenegrins and Albanians. The status and special rights of Gypsy communities living in Slovenia are determined by statute.


There are indigenous Slovenian minorities in Italy, Austria and in Hungary. Between 250,000 and 400,000 Slovenes (depending on whether second and subsequent generations are counted) live outside the country, in other continents and in EU countries.


Similarly to other modern societies, the country has been facing demographic issues, such as ageing, and low birth rate.The family, as the basic unit in society, has been changing, while the average number of household members has been in decline.

Slovenia is approximately 50% urban and 50% rural.


Population density is 101.2 inhabitants per km2 (1 July 2011), which is lower than in the majority of other European states. People have mainly settled the river valleys and transport routes, where long ago Slovenian towns began to emerge, whilst the mountainous and forested areas remain unpopulated.


Policy on women 

In Slovenia, women make up almost a half of the work force and usually work full-time, like men. Despite the fact that women are on average better qualified than men, it is more difficult for them to find work, they register as sole traders less often, are in more junior positions, often have lower career prospects than men, and are not paid as much with regard to their qualifications. Legal protection from employment discrimination is exemplary; however, it needs to be implemented.



Along with the guaranteed right of the preservation of national identity, the people of Slovenia have a right to their own religious beliefs. The majority of Slovenes (58 %) are Roman Catholics, although there are 43 other religious communities, spiritual groups, societies and associations registered in Slovenia. Among the oldest is the Evangelical Church, most widely spread in the northeastern part of Slovenia.


The Office for Religious Communities 

Its activities include maintaining a register of active religious communities and providing information on the relevant legislation.

Food and Drink

Slovenia is also known for its great wines  and delicious traditional food .

Slovenian food is a feast for the gourmet. Many restaurants offer a wide range of traditional national dishes, as well as international dishes like pizza, pasta and oriental dishes. The coast affords excellent seafood, including shellfish and the Adriatic bluefish.


One recent eating trend in Slovenia is the "slow food movement". A typical "slow food" meal takes place in a restaurant or at a private home among a group of family members or close friends. There are usually eight or more courses, the emphasis being on local produce, old-style recipes and a relaxed pace, with a different wine to accompany each course.



Slovenia lies on the southern slopes of the Alps and touches the Mediterranean, so it enjoys the best of both worlds, as well as climatic uncertainties from both North and South. However, the tradition of wine production is very long, going back at least to the time of the Roman Empire. The natural conditions provide a very rich diversity of taste, smell and colour in the different wines.


With the amount of fresh fruit and vegetables, wild mushrooms, dairy products and fresh pasta available here, vegetarians are sure to enjoy their time in Slovenia, too.


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