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Science

Slovenia is aware that the two pillars of its future development are knowledge and a sustainable development strategy.

 

Science is one of the fields in which Slovenia can compete on equal terms in international research projects. A range of Slovene scientists have obtained international reputations during temporary or permanent work abroad.

 

The Government approved the proposal of the Resolution on the Research and Innovation Strategy of Slovenia 2011-2020 , which is the highest strategic document in the field of research and innovation in Slovenia; its goal is to establish a contemporary research and innovation system that will ensure a higher quality of life for everyone.

 

The Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts  (SASA) is the main centre through which flows all the knowledge in Slovenia. In its present-day structure it was founded in 1938; nonetheless it has a reputable tradition. Namely, in 1693, its predecessor the Academia Operosorum was founded in Ljubljana. Its activities ended approximately in 1725. For a long time Slovenes were without an academy, although the thought of it never vanished. It materialized only in 1938.

 

Today, the SASA is the supreme national institution of sciences and arts uniting scientists and artists who were elected in this institution for their particular achievements in the area of science and art.

 

Slovenia emphasises the importance of bilateral cooperation and actively participates in research projects coordinated and co-financed by the EU. It also participates in other European research and development programmes.

 

The Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sport is responsible for planning and implementing higher education, science and technology. 


Scientific Endeavor in Slovenia – a short historical overview

 

First internationally relevant research achievements of the Slovenian people are nearly five hundred years older, and Slovenian researchers started joining distinguished scientific associations as early as in the 17th century.

 

The development of science, medicine and technology was particularly stimulated by the discovery of mercury in Idrija in 1490.

 

In 1693, the first scientific organisation was founded in Ljubljana, the Academia Operosorumm Labacensium .

 

The 17th century was marked by the works of the polymath Janez Vajkard Valvasor  (1641-1693), who in 1689 published an encyclopaedia of Slovenia in 14 volumes entitled Slava vojvodine Kranjske (The Fame of the Duchy of Carniola ). On the basis of his research work into the intermittent Cerknica lake, Valvasor in 1687 became a member of the Royal Society in London .

 

The mathematician and ballistics expert Jurij Vega  (1754-1802) was also the author of the logarithm tables, which were used worldwide until electronic calculators prevailed.

 

In 1879, Jožef Stefan  (1835-1893) discovered the law of light radiation, which is now called Stefan's Law. 

 

The first map  of the territory of Slovenia, including marked ethnic borders, was created in 1853 by the Slovenian geographer, jurist and politician Peter Kozler (1824-1879).

 

In 1909, Edvard Rusjan  (1886-1911) became the first Slovene to achieve motor-powered flight, in an aeroplane, which was constructed by himself.

 

In 1929, Herman Potočnik-Noordung , a Slovenian rocket engineer and officer in the Austrian armed forces, published a book entitled Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums (The Problem of Space Travel) that is considered one of the key pioneering works on space technology.

 

Physician, Dr Friderik Pregl , who worked in Graz, developed a microanalysis technique for organic chemistry, for which he received the Nobel Prize in 1923, becoming the only Slovene scientist to receive the award.

 

 

 



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