Skip to main content »

Social Security and Health Care

Social Security


In the Republic of Slovenia, under the provisions of the country’s constitution, the state is bound to make arrangements for compulsory health, pension, disability and other social insurance, and to see that they function properly. At the same time it is bound to protect the family, motherhood, fatherhood, children and young people, and to create the necessary conditions for this.


The state ensures and develops the functioning of social protection institutions, creates the conditions for private work in the social protection sphere and supports and promotes the development of self-help, charitable work, forms of independent life for persons with disability and other forms of voluntary work in the area of social protection.


Provision is also made for the group of socially at-risk citizens who through no fault of their own are without work, or cannot find jobs and are unemployed. Employment Service offices  have the status of public institutions and are involved in seeking jobs for unemployed persons. Social protection services are geared towards preventing social hardship and difficulties for individuals, families and certain groups of the population that are unable to help themselves.


Under the Pension and Disability Insurance Act (ZPIZ-1 ), which has been in force since January 2000, the system of retirement is similar to that elsewhere in Europe. A new, three-pillar system of pension and disability insurance has been implemented. An important feature is the principle of solidarity – greater rights are enjoyed by those insured persons who, in terms of the extent of their insurance, would receive so little that their social security would be at risk. The carrier and provider of compulsory pension and invalidity insurance in Slovenia is the Institute of Pension and Invalidity Insurance of Slovenia . The Institute is the largest public fund from within the national budget in Slovenia.


The competent body for planning and implementing social protection is the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs .


Health Care


Health care is a public service provided through the public health service network. This network also includes, on an equal basis, other institutions, private physicians and other private service providers on the basis of concessions. The Health Care and Health Insurance Act  stipulates that the state has to prevent and address social problems of individuals, families and population groups.


Primary health care services are organised on the local level, such that they are equally accessible to all people without discrimination. All people must be assured continuously accessible urgent medical attention and emergency services.


The compulsory health insurance scheme covers the whole population, either on the basis of employment and self-employment or residence (insured persons and their family members).


The compulsory insurance does not, however, ensure coverage of all costs that arise in treatment. Complete coverage of costs is provided only for children, schoolchildren and for certain diseases and conditions. For the provision of voluntary health insurance, in 1999 Mutual Health Insurance organisation (Vzajemna zdravstvena zavarovalnica ) was established. It is owned by its members – insured persons – and operates according to the principles of mutuality and non-profit status. Voluntary health insurance can be offered by other insurance companies, provided that it is organised as long-term insurance, that they insure everybody, irrespective of their state of health, and that the insurance company makes no distinctions between those insured.


Under the compulsory health insurance scheme, the insured persons are also entitled to different financial benefits (compensation of salary during temporary absence from work, reimbursement of travel costs etc.). In 2007, the share of GDP spent on health was 5.9%.


In addition to the public network of health institutions in Slovenia, private health care is also developing. Its share of the total health care services is around 10%. But the majority of the private health sector remains incorporated into public health insurance schemes.


Owing to the rapid development of science and technology, an increasing proportion of elderly people in the population (demographic changes in Slovenia are among the least favourable) and a growing number of patients with chronic illness, the costs of health care are rising steeply.


The competent body for planning and implementing health care is the Ministry of Health .

Related Links