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Reception procedures

Although Slovenia will provide refugees with humanitarian aid (accommodation, food, clothes, etc.), it is important for a proper understanding of the official procedures to take into consideration that the refugees are entering Slovenia illegally, i.e. without valid identity documents or visas. 


Groups of refugees are first provided with food, drink, clothing and, if necessary, medical care After this, the police are required to carry out the prescribed procedures due to the refugees’ illegal entry into the country. 


The procedures, which are described below, are carried out in accordance with current EU legislation, bilateral agreements, the Aliens Act and the International Protection Act. 



Procedures in case of illegal entry

Refugees entering Slovenia without a valid identity document (passport and visa) may ask for international protection (asylum) upon their first contact with the police. A person need only utter the internationally recognised word “asylum” and the police will carry out the appropriate procedure. 


In accordance with the current legislation, if a person does not request international protection, Slovenia must return them to the country from which they arrived. For instance, anyone who arrives from Hungary or Croatia without valid a identity document must be returned to Hungary or Croatia within 48 (Hungary) or 72 hours (Croatia) on the basis of evidence that they previously resided there. Until their return, they are accommodated at the Centre for Foreigners, where their movement is restricted. 


If a person cannot be returned to a neighbouring country or their country of origin for any of the reasons listed in Article 73 of the Aliens Act, they are issued a temporary residence permit by the police. The permit is valid for 6 months and may be extended. The list of countries to which refugees and migrants cannot be returned currently includes Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq and Eritrea.  


When a person arrives at the Centre for Foreigners, the police carry out the Dublin procedure. This entails taking the person’s fingerprints and checking them in the EU’s central fingerprint database, Eurodac, to determine whether they have already requested international protection in another member state. According to EU legislation, persons must be returned to the member state in which they first requested international protection. 


If a refugee requests international protection upon their first contact with the police, they must first state their reasons for requesting protection, which they do with the help of an interpreter. They are then taken to the reception area of the Asylum Centre, where they receive a medical examination; an NGO representative explains the further procedure to them via an interpreter. After an international protection application has been filed, the Dublin procedure is repeated. If it is determined that Slovenia is the first country in which the person has requested asylum, they are accommodated at the Asylum Centre. 


Based on reports from neighbouring countries and past experience, we assume that most refugees will not request international protection in Slovenia, as they are only passing through. Therefore, they will probably be issued temporary residence permits after the necessary checks have been carried out.


If Slovenia receives as many refugees and migrants as our neighbours, we will also modify the procedures accordingly. We will also continue to provide them with all available humanitarian care.