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In recent years Slovenia has cut ECHR cases to less than a tenth of what they were

Source: Mostphotos

The European Court of Human Rights has published statistics on cases for the previous year. The latest posted statistics for 2017 show that Slovenia has made great progress and drastically reduced the number of pending applications at that court. At the end of 2016 Slovenia still had 1,587 cases, while now (the data as at 31 December 2017) it has “only” 127 cases pending. This ranks Slovenia in the upper half of Council of Europe member states with the fewest cases pending at the ECHR.

In the past, the majority of cases at the ECHR were associated with Ljubljanska banka d.d. and the repayment of old foreign currency deposits (the Ališić “pilot judgment”). Through the adoption of the Act Regulating the Enforcement of the European Court Of Human Rights Judgment in Case No 60642/08, Slovenia successfully implemented the judgment, as confirmed by the ECHR in the Hodžić case. Consequently the EHCR was able to delete more than 1,000 pending (on hold) cases at the court.

Another such case which had the consequence of a large number of pending applications to the ECHR, was the case of the Kurić pilot judgment (erased persons). Here, too, in its decision on the Anastasov case, the ECHR ruled that the system for payment of compensation adopted by Slovenia through the Act Regulating the Compensation for Damage Sustained as a Result of Erasure from the Register of Permanent Residents was appropriate. In connection with this case the ECHR was able to delete 212 such cases from its list of pending applications.

In recent years Slovenia has not just succeeded in cutting the number of ECHR cases. It has also significantly reduced the number of non-implemented judgments. In 2015 Slovenia still had 309 non-implemented judgments. The highest number of cases, 264, related to violations of the right to trial in a reasonable period and the right to effective legal remedies (Lukenda case). In 2006 and 2007, based on almost identical, simple applications from lawyers, the ECHR ran virtually a conveyor belt of judgments against Slovenia. It is interesting to note that in 2006 alone, the ECHR issued as many as 179 such rulings. 

Through the adoption of legislative, organisational, IT and other measures, Slovenia succeeded in eliminating the court backlogs and thereby ensured access to judgements within a reasonable time.


In its almost 25 years of membership in the Council of Europe, through the cases heard at the ECHR Slovenia has trod the difficult path of transition. The pilot judgments such as the Erased, Lukenda and the Ljubljanska banka foreign currency savers were the consequence of this transition. Without the ECHR rulings these issues would probably still be unresolved today.

Although Slovenia could not always agree with the ECHR rulings (especially regarding the case of the currency savers, where Slovenia reasoned that this problem needed to be resolved as part of the succession of the former SFRY), it has nevertheless abided by the principle of the rule of law and has fully implemented the final judgments.

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